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Retraction speed

Retraction speed

Benchy image courtesy of Creative Tools. Stringing can be a frustrating problem when 3D printing. Stringing occurs when strings of filament hang between different parts of your print.

While they can be annoying, they can usually be removed using flush cutters or an exacto knife. Gently applying a heat source can also help removing strings. But there are ways you can help reduce or eliminate stringing all together.

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Stringing occurs when your print head moves over a gap in your print. There is still hot liquid filament in the nozzle and this filament tends to be sticky. As it leaves one side of the gap, a string of filament is pulled out. Since the extruder is not actively pushing filament, the line of filament that results is really thin.

Depending on your slicer settings, you might see stringing at the same point for each layer in the gap, making removal easier.

retraction speed

Retraction pulls the filament out of the hot end. This reduced the pressure on the liquid filament inside.

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It is the pressure on the liquid filament in the nozzle that pushes it out. Contrary to popular belief, this will not pull the liquid filament up any more than an ice cube will pull the water out of a glass. There are several settings in your print slicer you might never have considered.

There are two settings related to retraction that you will help to reduce stringing: retraction distance and retraction speed.

Retraction distance is how far to pull the filament up. Up to a point, the further you pull the filament up, the less pressure will be exerted on the liquid filament still in the hot end.

If you retract too far, however, the filament may not be all the way back into the hot end when it is time to start printing on the other end of the gap. Retraction speed is how fast to retract. The faster the speed, the quicker the retraction happens and the less likely you will get the start of a string. Start with a 1 mm retraction distance and do a test print.

You will likely see a decrease in stringing with just the little bit of retraction. Increase the retraction distance little by little until you have very little stringing. If you get the retraction distance to 5 mm and you are still not satisfied, there are a few more things to check. The retractions settings are in different places depending on the software you are using. In the popular Cura software, retraction settings are under the heading Material in your Print Setup.

retraction speed

If you cannot see the options for Retraction Distance and Retraction Speed, you will need to go into the printer settings menu and check those options so that they display in Print Setup. The printer settings lists all the options you can set in the Print Setup, organized under the same heading. The retraction settings for Simplify 3D are in the extrusion tab of the printer settings. What temperature are you printing at?Users browsing this forum: Google [Bot] and 1 guest.

Home Forums 3D Printing Software. I also made my minimum retraction distance. I have a Anet A8 and have been printing with the stock direct drive for 3 weeks now. I didn't touch the retraction settings in Cura 2. I just changed to a E3D all Metal Bowden setup mainly because I want to print Nylon and need a complete enclosed filament travel from spool to nozzle.

So my first Bowden prints are still ok, but quality dropped a bit. I'm getting some blobs, sometimes in the middle of a long outer wall but mainly on the edges. From my readings and knowledge I would have to adjust retraction while changing to Bowden.

retraction speed

On the other hand the suggestions found so far I found differ quite. There are suggestions referring to max retraction of 2mm others suggest to set higher values up to 10mm to avoid stringing and blobing. As being a learning by doing guy I will just start a series of prints starting with no retraction and then going my way up. Just would be interested what you guys have set your retraction to. Regards Richard. Delta with bowden extruder and original E3D hot end.

And maybe someone experienced can proof or disapprove my thinking While extruding pressure is put on the filament towards the nozzle. While retraction should take away this pressure This my main question; As in a Bowden the distance from the extruder stepper to the hotend is much longer as in a direct drive wouldn,t there be some kind of additional flex to the filament in a Bowden setup and therefore more retraction distance is needed?

Retraction: Just say "No" to oozing

On the other hand if I set the retraction to high the filament might be completely pulled out of the hot zone. The hotend is assembled correctly.

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My main passion is repairing engines so assembling metal parts I think I know what I'm doing. Will go on with further tests in changing retraction speed and print temperature. I'm trying to limit th changes in parameters to max 2 at a time in order to get a better understanding which settings are causing different print outcomes. Will post pictures tonight once I have at least a 10 print series.

Btw this leads me to the idea of setting myself up a print database but might start a own thread on this. Who is online Users browsing this forum: Google [Bot] and 1 guest.

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All times are UTC Imprint.By illuminartiMarch 14, in Ultimaker Cura. While following up on a posting on the Google Group that Joergen made a week or two back, I discovered that retraction isn't working as it should on current versions of Marlin firmware.

Joergen was seeing some oddities in how fast the extruder turned at certain requested speeds, and so I investigated further by emptying the extruder drive of filament, and then requesting mm moves at various speeds.

I'm attaching a pdf file that shows the behavior. Basically, at any speed that requires more than 10, steps per second, the motor turns a lot slower than it should. However, because of how acceleration is implemented, Marlin can forget the number of steps-per-interrupt, and instead use the scale factor from the last acceleration move that it did, while using the correct interrupt timing for the constant speed part of each move.

Depending on speed and acceleration settings, this could affect any axis, but in practice it mostly seems to affect the extruder axis because of its high ratio of acceleration to move speed. When it happens, the motors moves the right distance, but take two or four times longer than they should. The net result? For me I've corrected the stepper-driver code in Marlin to fix the bug, and will be submitting a pull request. For prints with a lot of quick retractions, at the old speed settings, I can see how this might be a bad thing in terms of potential filament grinding.

If people do see a genuine use case for retraction speeds in the mm range, then they can override the limit easily with the UltiController, or less easily with the equivalent gcodes. It should be noted that actually any retraction speed over 12 not 25 as I originally said will happen twice as fast as before.

I just built the latest V1 from Daid's tree. Unfortunately, netfabb finally fixed their Ultimaker Engine retraction bug and it is now my favorite slicer by far, but I can't get it to work with the latest Marlin V1 containing this Marlin bug fix. I seriously doubt netfabb will "fix" their program again to conform to these significant Marlin changes.

What--it took them something like a year to fix their retraction bug? Given that the push-on and pull-off speeds are identical the default in netfabbI simply tried cutting both equal speeds in half. This resulted in what appeared to be a somewhat more aggressive retract pull-off than before I uploaded the Marlin fix but, more significantly, there was virtually no push-on. Same thing--retraction speed was reduced, it seemed, but there their was still only an insignificant push-on.

It doesn't take long for the printing to stop, because the net retraction exceeds the net push-on. The amount of filament pushed and pulled is set to 2. Nonetheless, Marlin now results in far more pull-off than push-on. Keeping in a bug to keep broken features? Quite easy and you should do that anyhow if you use other software which currently has set the traction speed too high.

Well, Daid I'll accept your point of view if they'll refund my money for netfabb! Nonetheless, there are countless examples of "legacy" modes in the history of software that were retained to cover situations very much like this one. I'll try to find and change the maximum E speed, but it will limit my maximum forward E-speed as well, right not terribly desirable?

Retraction seems to be a bit slower, but it should function. Maybe netfabb will correct their software again, but they finally did fix their retraction bug while using bugged Marlin and it was working well for me. The behaviour of netfabb is not a bug, it is a workaround to enable the combination of movement of the axis with retraction - a feature which Marlin does unfortunatelly not support. If the behaviour of it has recently been patched, I will have to look at another solution.

Probably just do it like the other slicers and not move while retracting. I'm not entirely sure why you'd want to move and retract at the same time I presume they mean retract at a rate faster than you are moving, so the retraction finishes first. Although with a fast move, I would have thought one could still do both reasonably well.

I'm also not clear why the Marlin retraction fix would break anything; unless Netfabb is hard-coding a very high speed into the retraction. Limiting the extruder speed to something sane - personally, 30 seems to work fine for me - won't affect anything other than retraction speeds.Extruding thermoplastic is a complicated process with dozens of variables in play.

Retraction does not create negative pressure. This would likely lead to lots of jams and other extrusion issues, but this is not the case.

Think about candle wax. If you were to put a small cylinder of wax into a pool of melted candle wax and then pull it out, would the melted wax come with it? Of course not. While a small amount of wax will stick to the cylinder when you remove it, it does not pull the pool of molten wax up with it. In the same way, the solid filament above the melt zone does not retract the molten filament with it.

There is a lot of misinformation out there about how much retraction you should have. So what is the correct amount? The correct amount is the minimum amount required to reduce the most stringing on your part.

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Some machines and hot ends require more retraction than others, and each material has different requirements. MatterControl Travel Speed settings. MatterControl Retraction Length Setting.

There are certainly other settings that affect oozing, but these are the most important, and the easiest to test and adjust.

We'll cover the other settings in a future article. They are 10mm cubes and they are spaced 10mm, 20mm, and 40mm apart. With this as the starting point, the first thing to do is to increase the travel speed of non-print moves.

Again, the goal is to use the minimum amount of retraction necessary. Using more than necessary can cause jams, blobs, and other extrusion related issues.

There is clear improvement — especially in the 10mm gap - but still a lot of stringing between parts. Just about right. There are a few very, very fine strands of PLA which you may not even be able to see in the picture, but the edges and faces are all very clean with no blobs or excess filament to speak of.

To quickly and easily tune your settings to achieve optimal retraction, download the cube retraction print hereand print it with your current settings.

Cura Retraction Speed

Download the Retraction cube files here. Based on your results, adjust either the travel speed or the retraction distance and reprint. Only change 1 setting at a time. That way, you can easily see the effect of each change.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

It only takes a minute to sign up. Retraction is the reversal of the direction of the filament and is generally used when moving from one non-contiguous point of the print to another, in order to prevent stringing and oozing of the filament. If retraction is not employed then the filament still coming out of the nozzle, after the last point was printed and pausedwill stretch, thus creating a fine string, as the print head is moved to the next position where printing is to recommence. The retraction speed is the speed at which the filament is retracted, or pulled back by the extruder stepperand the retraction length is the amount that is pulled back.

These settings are dealt with in the XYZware User manualon page 43, section In printing object, before large movement of print module, print filament will be drawn back, such that slight negative pressure occurs in print nozzle, preventing material from adhering to the object while moving, improving surface quality of print object.

Such setting will allow users to set up retraction mechanism activation style. For setup mode, users usually specify the minimal print module movement distance for retraction mechanism activation. After retraction, the print module will be elevated slightly with such setup value. Such action prevents material from adhering to the object, and makes a more orderly final print stop point. However, it should be noted that excessively large elevation will extend print preparation time for the next print layer, and portions of angles may results cooling and difficult to bond conditions between layers.

retraction speed

Material compensation may be used to improve upon holes or poor extrusion due to excessive extruder withdrawal. Retraction speed isn't dealt with in the above section though. In section 3. User Manualit is mentioned:. The speed for pulling filament backwards. Refer to the function introduction in the next chapter for more about retraction.

Cooperation of retraction speed and other print speeds will affect feeding stability directly in printing. A print speed slightly faster than the retraction speed would prevent material squeeze from interrupt. However, the manual doesn't then go on to give any setting.

A further explanation can be found here, Stringing and oozing :. The retraction function includes two setting options. One is retraction length and the other is retraction speed. The retraction length determines how much melted filament will be pulled out of the nozzle.

In general, the more plastic that is retracted from the nozzle, the less likely the nozzle is to ooze while moving. As for the issue, the default setting in the expert mode is enough for you to solve the problem. If you encounter stringing with your print job, you can increase the retraction length slightly to test again to see if the performance improves.For many prints, using portrait and setting it up properly is an obligation in order to achieve a result that meets our expectations.

Retraction is the command that, if used properly, allows us to make multiple prints at once without leaving the shadow of the passage, in the form of a thread that joins the various prints. The option to retract the filament has been introduced in 3D printing to eliminate, or at least contain, the problem of stringing. The loose material continues to drip, even when pressed by the weight of the material above. These microwires are formed during the movement and have the impression of being a spider web.

Later we will talk about how to set the retraction, but now I would like to mention the 2 problems that some incorrect setting values can create. The first is the abrasion of the filament, a subject already dealt with in this article.

This problem occurs for various reasons. We may have set the retraction speed too high. In all these cases the filament is worn out and can even fail to be extruded. If the case we will see near the extruder the typical filament dust, to witness the abrasion.

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In addition to a decrease in the wire cross-section. The second case of error due to incorrect settings leads to total stoppage of the extrusion. This occurs with excessive retraction distances. Imagine setting over a centimeter of retraction, mistakenly thinking that increasing the distance the dissolved filament does not fall.

The only purpose is to eliminate the thrust and gravitational pressure from the liquefied material in the nozzle. Too high retractione values can lead the wire in transition between solid and viscous too high, at the radiator. Here the half loose material will solidify quickly, occupying all the available space. This will produce a swelling in the diameter, which will no longer allow the normal flow.

A thorough cleaning of the nozzle and the throat will be necessary. As promised we start talking about retraction and how to set its values.

Two are obvious, they are retraction distance and retraction speed. The third has nothing to do with retraction, but can make it easier to achieve the result: the speed of movement. We have already mentioned that this is a fundamental parameter.

Its function, however, is simply to remove pressure from the already liquefied material. This must tell us that it is useless to set enormous retraction distances, already with a minimum will be achieved. With the Bowden extruder, being far from the hot end, a higher value must be set than with the direct extruder. In the case of Bowden I recommend a retraction distance of 6. As mentioned before, I do not recommend going beyond 8 mm as a measure. Beyond 8mm there are only problems!

This is perhaps the basic parameter to get to have satisfactory prints. The speed of retraction determines the time it takes for the pressure to be removed. The shorter the time, the better the result: with limits.

Considering what has been said up to now, that the stringing is the result of the casting of the melted plastic, it is immediately clear the importance of having a sustained speed of movement.

This means less chance of forming cobwebs.Wouldn't it be beneficial to up that speed? Is the MK3 extruder motor not able to handle that?

Is there a downside to retracting faster with a direct drive extruder?

Stringing or Oozing

With the e3dv6 hot end and direct extruder attach no bowdenI would expect on the order of 0. With that distance, it may be the extrusion is over before either speed is actually reached. Assuming I have the correct, basic understanding of how Marlin calculates speeds, I did some math on it. I think that the MK3 should be able to reach higher speeds, even with very short retraction values. I agree. The extruder on my delta was quite good, but I think that the Bondtech extruder is even better at gripping the filament.

Try both, see if you notice a difference, and let us know. Yes, but do you see any reason for the MK3 to not use the same high retraction speeds? There will be a point where there's no real benefit to going faster, which would require some experimentation. Forum Icons: Forum contains no unread posts Forum contains unread posts Mark all read. Please Login or Register. English forum. Others Archive. Retraction speed. Last Post. Eminent Member. Log in to be able to post. Estimable Member.

I think it is because of the e3d hotend. It needs much less retraction than many other hotends. Too much retraction can lead to jams. Honorable Member. Too much retraction can lead to jams, but I'm not clear that a higher retraction speed will.

This is why the multi-material on the MK2 uses faster retraction settings, it's a bowden setup. All forum topics. Previous Topic.